Welcome to the CORDILLERA!

The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) is subdivided into six provinces namely Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province and the chartered city of Baguio. It encompasses most of the areas within the Cordillera Central mountains of Luzon, the country's only land-locked region and home to numerous indigenous tribes collectively called as the Igorot. Dubbed as the Watershed Cradle of the Philippines, the Cordillera has a mountainous topography characterized by towering peaks, plateaus and intermittent patches of valleys. Almost 71 percent of the region’s land area has slopes of 30 percent and above. Cordillera is endowed with the abundant mineral reserves. These are metallic ores such as gold copper, silver, zinc, and non-metallic minerals like sand, gravel and sulfur.

The Cordillera region is the most diversified ethno-liguistic region in the Philippines with its major languages having sub-dialect variations. The topographic formation of the Cordillera mountain range, which has greatly influenced the upstream migration of peoples in the Cordillera into the hinterland, corresponds the various dialects pattern formation. The disparity in linguistic ethnicity however, did not form variation in cultural development as almost every Cordillera people shares similar cultural identity among different tribes.

The region is abundant with mineral reserves. These include metallic ores such as gold, copper, silver, zinc, and non-metallic minerals like sand, gravel and sulfur. Mineral reserves are found in all the provinces. However, mining is concentrated in Benguet. Its timber resources has dwindled since the introduction of slash-and-burn method of farming in all parts of the Cordillera mountain range.

Vegetable crop production is well developed in Benguet, rice production in Ifugao and Abra, corn production in Mountain Province, and Kalinga. Baguio City and La Trinidad are considered as the industrial centers in the region. Baguio City hosts Baguio Export Processing Zone where operations of big companies like Texas Instruments, and MOOG are located. The city also hosts offshore and outsourcing companies operating call centers.

Tourist attractions in the region include the world-famous Banaue Rice Terraces in the province of Ifugao. Nations around the world boast of their own self-proclaimed "eighth wonder of the world." The Philippines considers Banaue Rice Terraces as its "Eighth Wonder of the World." The Banaue terraces, ancient sprawling man-made structures from 2,000 to 6,000 years old, are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. They are part of the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, widely found in the provinces of Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Mountain Province.The Philippine Eagle and the Crested-Serpent Eagle was also found in the Last forest frontier of the North the Province of Apayao.

Natural attractions of the region include the Sumaguing Cave in Sagada and the mummy caves of Benguet and Mt. Province. There are four National Parks: Cassamata Hill, Mount Pulag, the highest mountain in Luzon, and second highest mountain in the Philippines, following Mount Apo of Davao, with an elevation of 2,922 meters above mean sea level, Mt. Data, and Balbalasang-Balbalan, located in the province of Kalinga. Kalinga also offers world-class white water rafting along the Chico River. The summer capital of the Philippines is Baguio, within the Cordillera Administrative Region.

A brief profile of Cordillera Administrative Region
Capital
Population1,616,867
Area1,961,110 ha.
Provinces6
Cities2
Municipalities75
Barangays1176
Congressional Districts3
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Province

Land Area
(sq. km.)1
No. of Districts
No. of Municipalities
No. of Cities

Abra

Benguet

7.3
3
25
2

Ifugao

5.91
2
26
1

Kalinga

3.6
2
16
0

Mountain Province

5
20
2

Apayao

5
5
0
Cordillera Administrative Region
16.81
17
92
5

Sources

1.) http://countrystat.bas.gov.ph/?cont=16&r=14
2.) http://laws.chanrobles.com/ph/ra/republicactno4695.html