CALABARZON or Region IV-A is composed of five provinces, namely: CAvite, LAguna, BAtangas, Rizal, and QueZON/ the region’s name is formed from the names of these provinces. The region lies along the southern portion of Luzon. It is bounded in the northwest by Regions II and III and in the southwest by Bicol Region and the Pacific Ocean. Batangas, Cavite and southern part of Quezon lies in the western coast near China Sea, Tayabas Bay and Mogpog Pass while Rizal, Laguna and Cavite are adjacent to Metropolitan Manila.

LAND AREA AND TOPOGRAPHY

The region has a diverse topography, generally hilly and mountainous. It has varied land forms, consisting of flat coastal areas, upland interior areas of slightly moderate rolling or undulating plains and hills, and mountains. Almost sixty percent o f the region’s land area has a slope ranging from 0-18.

Most of the land constituting the province of Batangas is mostly elevated; rolling hills, small low flat lands with scattered mountainous areas. Cavite province is characterized by rolling hinterlands punctuated by hills, with shoreland fronting Manila Bay at sea level, and rugged portion at the boundary of Batangas where Dos Picos mountains are located.

Situated at the southern end of the province of Rizal, Laguna is considered as an inland province, as most of its northwestern portion is along Laguna de Bay. It is characterized with rugged terrain, from level to steep slope. The province of Quezon, on the other hand has a rugged terrain with few plains, valleys and swamps. The undulating lowlands along the coast are well drained. The province is very narrow, with average width of about 30 kilometers.

Rizal province’s topography is a combination of valleys and mountains, with flat low-lying areas on the western portion, rugged ridges and rolling hills which form part of the Sierra Madre ranges in the eastern portion.

CALABARZON is the 6th smallest in terms of land area among the 17 administrative regions of the country. The total land area of the region is 1,636,303 ha which represents 5.45% of the country's total land area of 30 million hectares (Table 1). Quezon had the largest land area among the provinces at 870,660 ha. It holds more than half (53.21%) of the regional area. Rizal province, on the other hand, had the least land area at 130,383 ha which is equivalent to 7.97% of the regional total. As of CY 2007, the total rice area of the region was 81,672 ha while the total corn area was 21,406 ha. Quezon had the largest area for rice production while Batangas had the widest area for corn production.

ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF THE REGION

Situated along the gateway of Metro Manila, the Region IV-A has economically benefited by being the catch basin of urban growth and development of the metropolis. CALABARZON contributed 17.39 percent to the country’s Gross Domestic Product. In 2011, GRDP increased by 2.57 percent. Agriculture, Fishery and Forestry Sector accounted for 6.25 percent of the regional economy. It recorded a 0.98 percent increment in 2011. In 2011, the region's palay production at 399,193 metric tons grew by 2.31 percent from the 2010 level. Palay area at 114,186 hectares expanded by 9.66 percent. Corn production at 57,557 metric tons dropped by 4.40 percent. However, its area at 31,858 hectares went up by 7.31 percent. In 2011, agricultural production inched up by 1.29 percent. The poultry subsector accounted for the largest share of 29.27 in agricultural output. It grew by 3.49 percent. The crops and livestock subsectors grew by 2.83 percent and 4.87 percent, respectively. Fisheries subsector contracted by 6.04 percent.

The CALABARZON region has the 2nd highest number of enterprises in the Philippines, next only to the National Capital Region (NCP). With a total of 123,173 businesses, it comprises 15% of all the enterprises in the country.

In terms of employment, the CALABARZON region also has the 2nd highest number of employment. It also comprises 15% of the entire employment population in the country.

The CALABARZON is home to industrial estate / parks, producing export-oriented products such as textiles, garments and consumer electronics. The region has also a well-developed infrastructure network conducive for establishing economic interaction among Regions III, Region IV-B, Region V and NCR. CALABARZON has a big supply base of semi-processed industrial raw materials and industrial components coming from its 31 world-class industrial estates and economic zones (ecozones). The region has more potentials for infrastructure development as the location of facilities of the Malampaya gas project in Batangas and Quezon serve as magnets of business development activities. It is also a very appropriate site for petrochemical industries. Most of the automotive assemblers in the country - Ford, Honda, Isuzu, Mitsubishi, Nissan, and Toyota - are located in the Region, and mostly in the province of Laguna. Thus, Laguna is dubbed as the automotive capital or "the Detroit City of the Philippines".

Moreover, CALABARZON hosts the big names in the electronics and semiconductor thus also called the "Silicon Valley of the Philippines". Some of the big-name locators are Panasonic, Matsushita, Samsung, TDK-Fujitsu, Toshiba, Mitsui, Philips, Hitachi, Sanyo-Epson, NEC, Music, Temic, Uniden, I-Max, Lite-On, and Clarion.

The Region has a vast pool of human resource base for the manufacturing and services industries and has reliable utilities and well-placed infrastructure enhancing faster turn-around times. It has business-friendly environment, first-class lifestyle, and booming tourism circuits.
CALABARZON has been the site of the first expansion of industrial growth outside of Metro Manila and hosts the first wave and the most number of Taiwanese business locators than anywhere else in the Philippines.

TOURISM

A favorite weekend destinations of urban dwellers, the area is a colorful tapestry of mountains and verdant forests, springs, and beaches, rituals and festivals. CALABARZON is the perfect destinations for the Manila-based tourist, providing the visitor a glimpse of life in these islands and an opportunity to feel their rhythm without venturing too far from the national capitol. Top destinations are the following:

• Pagsanjan Falls, Laguna
Pagsanjan Gorge is wonderfully picturesque. The surrounding rocks, trees, ferns and fauna give it a view unlike any other. Thrill seekers will appreciate the roaring rapids.

• Los Baños, Laguna
The cool climate (by tropical standars) makes this place a popular weekend destination. Mount Makiling and the hot spring resorts are the main draws here.

• Kawit, Cavite
This is the birthplace of modern Filipino history. You won’t run out of shrines and landmarks to tell you all about the steps that 1800s revolutionaries took to arrive at the Philippines’ declaration of independence.

• Tagaytay
For the Filipino who lives in the metro, Tagaytay and its neighboring areas are synonymous with leisure. Play a round of golf or a hand of poker. Get a whole body massage or just hang out with the family. This is the place to unwind.

• Antipolo - Angono - Binangonan - Rizal
This is a province of rich cultural traditions. Antipolo is popular with Catholic pilgrims, while Angono is known as the “art capital of the Philippines.”

• Mabini (Anilao), San Juan, Nasugbu, Calatagan, Batangas
Getting a tan and going on underwater adventures are more fun in Batangas. Take your pick of beach. Resorts in the area range from high-end to off-the-beaten-track.

• Lucban, Tayabas, Pabgilao, Sariaya
Don’t be fooled by this laid-back, low-key province. The towns of Quezon know how to put on a party come fiesta time. And there are attractions for almost every kind of traveler – nature tripper, adrenaline junkie, or history buff.

• Taal Heritage Village
Taal is home to Taal Lake, Taal Volcano, and well-preserved ancestral homes. You can nature-trip and time-travel at the same time.

• Polilio Island
Unspoiled islands with sugar-sand beaches and clear blue waters. An abundance of local fauna. Waterfalls and caves waiting to be explored. No wonder nature lovers and adventure tourists keep coming back for more.

To spur the growth of domestic tourism and to sustain the inbound arrivals, the Department of Tourism (DOT) along with local government units and the private tourism sector showcased the new adventure and wellness travel packages of CALABARZON. The travel trade featured newly launched properties and tourist activities such as the Caliraya Recreation Center in Laguna; The Farm at San Benito, Mount Malarayat Golf and Country Club, Hotel Pontefino, Eagle Point Resort, and Matabungkay Beach Resort in Batangas; Tagaytay Country Hotel in Tagaytay; Nurture Spa Village, Microtel Inn and Suites and Fuego Hotels and Properties Management Corp. in Cavite; and Club Manila East in Rizal.

Aside from CALABARZON’s highlights which are its beaches, volcanic springs and historical landmarks, there are also alternative activities that cater to a diverse market. Some of these packages are on wellness, golf, craft making, history and arts tour, and community outreach exposures for the local and foreign tourists

Community outreach exposure involves visits to small workshops in the provinces where community members work on creating handicrafts, local delicacies and other sources of livelihood.

A brief profile of CALABARZON
CapitalJamboree Road, Brgy. Timugan, Los Baños. Laguna 4030
Population12,609,803
Area1,664,403 ha.
Provinces5
Cities16
Municipalities126
Barangays4011
Congressional Districts19
TOP EXPORTS
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Province

Land Area
(sq. km.)1
No. of Districts
No. of Municipalities
No. of Cities

Batangas

3165.81
4
31
3

Cavite

1574.17
7
17
6

Laguna

1759.73
6
23
6

Quezon

8706.6
4
39
2

Rizal

1303.83
4
14
1
CALABARZON
16510.14
25
124
18

Source

1.) Department of Environment and Natural Resources
2.) Bureau of Agricultural Statistics
3.) Department of Trade and Industry
4.) Department of Tourism
5.) National Statistics Office