Size and Population

Zamboanga Peninsula has a total land area of 1,413,754 ha and has a population size of 3,407,353 (as of 01 May 2010). The region has a population growth rate (1990-2010) of 2.03%.


Region IX is composed of three (3) provinces namely: Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga Sibugay; and five (5) cities namely: Dapitan, Dipolog, Isabela, Pagadian and Zamboanga.


The region has vast forest resources. It is also richly endowed with mineral deposits both metallic and non-metallic. Metallic reserves include gold, silver, copper, chromite, iron, lead, and manganese ore. The non-metallic minerals consist of coal, clay, asbestos, limestone, quartz, silica, phosphate rock and marble.

The region's champion products include: Rubber, Abaca, Coconut, Mango, Seaweeds, Fish and Fish Products.

Comparative Advantages

Situated outside the typhoon belt and surrounded by five of the Philippines’ richest fishing grounds, the region enjoys several distinct advantages:

It is the no. 1 commercial marine fish producing region in the country, contributing 16.48% of the national fish production and 37% of Mindanao’s total production (BAS 2004 data). The whole industry employs approximately 35,000 workers not counting those employed in the allied industries such as shipping, stevedoring, cold storage, etc. It has also extensive areas developed as aqua farms for brackish water and freshwater fishes.

It supplies 70% of the Philippine domestic requirements for dried fish. There are to date a total of 104 big dried fish processors in the region.

It supplies 75% of the country’s total domestic requirements for canned sardines. Hence, its appellation as the Sardines Capital of the Philippines. To date, there are eight major canning factories based in Zamboanga City.

Dipolog City in Zamboanga del Norte, meanwhile, is renowned for pioneering the production of in-glass or bottled sardines in the country.
Region IX ranks third in terms of seaweeds production contributing roughly 12% of the total national output. It produces and exports dried seaweeds and semi-refined and refined carageenan. Carageenan, derived from seaweeds is a major ingredient in the cosmetics and food processing industries.

Coconut is one other crop extensively grown in the region.
Zamboanga Peninsula is Mindanao’s second biggest producer of mango next to Southern Mindanao.

Its huge deposits of precious minerals include gold, silver, copper, chromite, iron, lead, manganese, coal, clay, asbestos, limestone, quartz, silica, phosphate rock and marble.

It is home to ZAMBOECOZONE, the only economic zone and freeport in all Visayas and Mindanao. On top of generous incentives granted to investors and locators, ZAMBOECOZONE also guarantees free flow, entry and movement of machineries and other good tax free within its jurisdiction.

It has established banking and communications facilities; modern educational and healthcare services; world class hotel and convention centers; abundant water; and stable power supply.

Nature also endowed it with so much natural attractions such as white sand beaches, spectacular waterfalls, dive spots, caves for spelunking, marine sanctuaries and awesome coral formations, among others.

Above all, much of Zamboanga Peninsula’s strength lies on its people – hospitable, warm and proud of their rich cultural heritage. Its workforce - highly educated, skilled and multi-lingual.

Strategic Location

Region IX or the Zamboanga Peninsula Region is located at the western part of Mindanao. It is bounded by: Sulu Sea on the north; Illana Bay and Moro Gulf on the south; Misamis Occidental, Lanao del Norte and Panguil Bay on the east; and the Celebes Sea on the west. The region lies at the Southernmost portion of the Philippine archipelago and is strategically situated in close proximity to Sabah, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam and Indonesia. Thus, its appellation as the Philippines’ gateway to the Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area or BIMP-EAGA.


Zamboanga Peninsula’s economy is basically rooted in agriculture with farming and fishing as the main economic activities of families.

As reported by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), Region IX posted high gross regional domestic (GRDP) growth rate between 2014 and 2013, at 6.5% from 4.1%. This gain was propelled by a mixture of industrial expansion, agricultural recovery, and sustained contribution from the services sector.

By industrial origin, the Agriculture/Fishery/Forestry Sector contributes about 50% of the GRDP, followed by the Services Sector at 35%. The Industry Sector meanwhile, contributes the remaining 15% of the regional economy. The industry sector of Region IX is characterized by a proliferation of micro, small and medium-scale companies.

A brief profile of Zamboanga Peninsula
CapitalPettit Barracks, Zamboanga City P.O. Box 118
Population3,407,353 (as of 01 May 2010)
Area1,413,754 ha
Congressional Districts9
  • Coconut Oil
  • Rubber
  • Marine products
  • Seaweeds


Land Area
(sq. km.)1
No. of Districts
No. of Municipalities
No. of Cities

Zamboanga Del Norte


Zamboanga Del Sur


Zamboanga Sibugay

Zamboanga Peninsula